GROTIUS, Hugo

(1583–1645)
   Theologian and jurist. Later known by his Latin name, already as a young boy in Delft, Hugo de Groot displayed his unusual intellectual gifts. He studied at Leiden Uni versityand earned his doctor’s degree in law at the University of Or leans in France in 1599. He defended the freedom of the seas, in the interest of Dutch maritime commerce, in his famous treatise Mare liberum (1609). As of 1613, Grotius served as a pensionary or legal advisor of the town of Rotterdam, but he became entangled in the religious controversies between the orthodox Calvinists (followers of Franciscus Gomarus) and the more lenient Protestant disciples of Jacobus Arminius, the so-called Remonstrants. The latter were outlawed during the national SynodofDordrechtin 1618–1619, and their leaders were taken prisoner and sentenced to death (in the case of Grand Pensionary Johan van Oldenbarnevelt) or to life im prisonment. Grotius escaped detention, fleeing Loevestein in a book chest, and went to Sweden and France. In 1631, he became Sweden’s ambassador in Paris. He published many books on the law of nations, which brought him lasting fame, but his main personal interests were undoubtedly in the field of theology.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Grotius, Hugo — orig. Huigh de Groot born April 10, 1583, Delft, Neth. died Aug. 28, 1645, Rostock, Mecklinburg Schwerin Dutch jurist, humanist, and poet. He enrolled at Leiden University at age 11 and as a teenager accompanied Johan van Oldenbarnevelt on a… …   Universalium

  • Grotius, Hugo — (1583–1645)    Philosopher and Jurist.    Grotius had a legal training at the University of Leyden. He served in various political positions and in 1613 he became Pensionary of Rotterdam. As an Arminian, he supported Oldenbarnevelt against the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Grotius, Hugo — (1583–1645) Dutch philosopher of law. Grotius is the father of modern international law, and developed many of the building blocks for subsequent attempts to establish an international order. Born in Delft, he lived through the Thirty Years War,… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Grotius,Hugo — Gro·ti·us (grōʹshē əs, shəs), Hugo. Originally Huig de Groot. 1583 1645. Dutch jurist, politician, and theologian whose major work Of the Law of War and Peace (1625) is considered the first comprehensive treatise on international law. * * * …   Universalium

  • GROTIUS, HUGO —    or HUIG VAN GROOT    a celebrated Dutch jurist and theologian, born at Delft; studied at Leyden under Scaliger, and displayed an extraordinary precocity in learning; won the patronage of Henri IV. while on an embassy to France; practised at… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • GROTIUS, Hugo — (1583 1645)    Dutch theologian and jurist who pioneered BIBLICAL CRITICISM and religious liberty. His greatest theological work was his De Veritate Religionis Christianae (1622) which was intended as an handbook for MISSIONARIES to refute all… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Гроций, Гуго де Гроот (Grotius, Hugo de Groot) — (1583—1645), голландский юрист, социолог и государственный деятель, один из основоположников теории естественного права и науки международного права. Основные труды по — «Свободное море» (1609) и «О праве войны и мира» (1625) …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Grotius — Grotius, Hugo …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Hugo Grotius — – Portrait von Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt, 1631 Hugo Grotius, niederländisch Huigh oder Hugo de Groot (* 10. April 1583 in Delft (Niederlande); † 28. August …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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